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Example of components widely used

This page show how to configure custom engine's components using Spring xml configuration.
Spring is not a requirement, you can use these components out of the box without Spring using their constructor.

See also : Change the Captcha generation configuration

Base components

Fonts

<bean id="fontArial" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Arial</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="fontTahoma" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Tahoma</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="fontVerdana" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Verdana</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="fontComic" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Comic sans MS</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="fontLucida" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Lucida console</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

Color generators

Single color

<bean id="colorGenYellow" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.SingleColorGenerator" >
		<constructor-arg index="0"><ref bean="yellow"/></constructor-arg>
</bean>

List of colors

<bean id="colorGenRandomList" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.RandomListColorGenerator" >
		<constructor-arg index="0">
			<list>
				<ref bean="yellow"/>
				<ref bean=" blue "/>
				<ref bean=" lightBlue "/>
			</list>
		</constructor-arg>
	</bean>
	<bean id="blue" class="java.awt.Color" >
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="0"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="2"><value>255</value></constructor-arg>
	</bean>

	<bean id="lightBlue" class="java.awt.Color" >
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="0"><value>200</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="1"><value>200</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="2"><value>255</value></constructor-arg>
	</bean>

	<bean id="yellow" class="java.awt.Color" >
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="0"><value>255</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="1"><value>255</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="int" index="2"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
	</bean>

Range of colors

<bean id="colorGenRandomBlue" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.RandomRangeColorGenerator" >
		<constructor-arg index="0">
		<list>
          <value>150</value>
          <value>255</value>
    	</list>
    	</constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="1">
		<list>
          <value>0</value>
          <value>50</value>
    	</list>
    	</constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="2">
		<list>
          <value>200</value>
          <value>255</value>
    	</list>
	    </constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="3">
		<list>
          <value>255</value>
          <value>255</value>
		</list>
		</constructor-arg>
	</bean>

Locales

<bean id="java.util.Locale.FRANCE"
	  class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.FieldRetrievingFactoryBean"/>
 <bean id="java.util.Locale.US"
	  class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.FieldRetrievingFactoryBean"/>

Special components

Backgrounds

<bean id="backGenUni" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.backgroundgenerator.UniColorBackgroundGenerator" >
		<constructor-arg index="0"><value>300</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="1"><value>100</value></constructor-arg>
</bean>

<bean id="backGenFunky" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.backgroundgenerator.FunkyBackgroundGenerator" >
		<constructor-arg index="0"><value>300</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="1"><value>100</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.ColorGenerator" index="2"><ref 				bean="colorGenRandomList"/></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.ColorGenerator" index="3"><ref 				bean="colorGenRandomList"/></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.ColorGenerator" index="4"><ref 				bean="colorGenRandomList"/></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg type="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.ColorGenerator" index="5"><ref 			bean="colorGenRandomList"/></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="6"><value>0.2f</value></constructor-arg>
	</bean>


	<bean id="backGenMultiShape" 		class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.backgroundgenerator.MultipleShapeBackgroundGenerator" >
		<constructor-arg index="0"><value>300</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="1"><value>100</value></constructor-arg>
		<!--firstEllipseColorGenerator-->
		<constructor-arg index="2"><ref bean="lightBlue"/></constructor-arg>
		<!--secondEllipseColorGenerator-->
		<constructor-arg index="3"><ref bean="lightRed"/></constructor-arg>
		<!--spaceBetweenLine-->
		<constructor-arg index="4"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		<!--spaceBetweenCircle-->
		<constructor-arg index="5"><value>5</value></constructor-arg>
		<!--ellipseHeight-->
		<constructor-arg index="6"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		<!--ellipseWidth-->
		<constructor-arg index="7"><value>6</value></constructor-arg>
		<!--firstRectangleColorGenerator-->
		<constructor-arg index="8"><ref bean="red"/></constructor-arg>
		<!--secondRectangleColorGenerator-->
		<constructor-arg index="9"><ref bean="white"/></constructor-arg>
		<!--firstRectangleColorGenerator-->
		<constructor-arg index="10"><value>3</value></constructor-arg>
	</bean>

	<bean id="backGenPicture" 		class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.backgroundgenerator.FileReaderRandomBackgroundGenerator" >
		<constructor-arg index="0"><value>300</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="1"><value>100</value></constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg index="2"><ref bean="path"/></constructor-arg>
	</bean>

	<bean id="path" class="java.lang.String" >
		<constructor-arg><value>\home\jcaptcha\conf\gimpybackgrounds</value></constructor-arg>
	</bean>

Deformations

Deformations can be build with ImageFilter, like JhLabs Filtres, and injected in a ImageDeformationByFilters component.

<bean id="sphere" class="com.jhlabs.image.SphereFilter" >
			<property name="refractionIndex"><value>1</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="emboss" class="com.jhlabs.image.EmbossFilter" >
			<property name="bumpHeight"><value>1.0</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="rippleBack" class="com.jhlabs.image.RippleFilter" >
			<property name="waveType"><value>3</value></property>
			<property name="XAmplitude"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="YAmplitude"><value>3</value></property>
			<property name="XWavelength"><value>20</value></property>
			<property name="YWavelength"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="edgeAction"><value>1</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="smear" class="com.jhlabs.image.SmearFilter" >
			<property name="shape"><value>0</value></property>
			<property name="distance"><value>15</value></property>
			<property name="density"><value>0.4</value></property>
			<property name="scatter"><value>0.5</value></property>
			<property name="angle"><value>0.0</value></property>
			<property name="mix"><value>0.6</value></property>
			<property name="fadeout"><value>0</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="ripple" class="com.jhlabs.image.RippleFilter" >
			<property name="waveType"><value>1</value></property>
			<property name="XAmplitude"><value>2</value></property>
			<property name="YAmplitude"><value>2</value></property>
			<property name="XWavelength"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="YWavelength"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="edgeAction"><value>1</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="ripple2" class="com.jhlabs.image.RippleFilter" >
			<property name="waveType"><value>2</value></property>
			<property name="XAmplitude"><value>2</value></property>
			<property name="YAmplitude"><value>2</value></property>
			<property name="XWavelength"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="YWavelength"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="edgeAction"><value>1</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="ripple3" class="com.jhlabs.image.RippleFilter" >
			<property name="waveType"><value>5</value></property>
			<property name="XAmplitude"><value>5</value></property>
			<property name="YAmplitude"><value>5</value></property>
			<property name="XWavelength"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="YWavelength"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="edgeAction"><value>1</value></property>
		</bean>


		<bean id="twirl" class="com.jhlabs.image.TwirlFilter" >
			<property name="angle"><value>0.8</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="water" class="com.jhlabs.image.WaterFilter" >
			<property name="amplitude"><value>2</value></property>
			<property name="antialias"><value>true</value></property>
			<property name="wavelength"><value>20</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="weaves" class="com.jhlabs.image.WeaveFilter" >
			<property name="useImageColors"><value>true</value></property>
			<property name="XGap"><value>2</value></property>
			<property name="XWidth"><value>10</value></property>
			<property name="YWidth"><value>16</value></property>
			<property name="YGap"><value>6</value></property>
		</bean>


		<bean id="crystal" class="com.jhlabs.image.CrystalizeFilter" >
			<property name="scale"><value>0.5</value></property>
			<property name="gridType"><value>1</value></property>
			<property name="fadeEdges"><value>false</value></property>
			<property name="edgeThickness"><value>0.4</value></property>
			<property name="randomness"><value>1.0</value></property>
		</bean>

		<bean id="smearDef" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="smear"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="rippleDef" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="ripple"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="ripple2Def" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="ripple2"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="ripple3Def" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="ripple3"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>


		<bean id="sphereDef" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="sphere"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="waterDef" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="water"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="embossDef" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="emboss"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="rippleDefBack" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="rippleBack"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="cristalDef" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="crystal"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="weavesDef" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="weaves"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="twirlDef" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <ref bean="twirl"/>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="none" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<null/>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

Configuration example

This jcaptcha configuration using spring embeded two configurations files :
The first one configures ImageCaptchaFactories
The second one configures ImageCaptchaEngine and ImageCaptchaService

ImageCaptchaFactories.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN//EN" "http://www.springframework.org/dtd/spring-beans.dtd">
<beans>



<!-- ************ FACTORIES declaration  ************-->

		<!-- Constructs a captcha factory which produce captcha,
		 from a word generator (the content) and a word to image (the representation)-->

		<bean id="imageCaptchaFactory" class="com.octo.captcha.image.gimpy.GimpyFactory" >
			<constructor-arg><ref bean="wordgen"/></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg><ref bean="wordtoimage"/></constructor-arg>
		</bean>



<!-- ************ WORD 2 IMAGE declaration  ************-->

		<!-- Constructs a WordToImage, which assemble components: a font generator,
			 a background generator, a paster and deformations:
			 the fist one deform the background only (none is the "null" deformation, which does nothing)
			 the second one deform the text only (none is the "null" deformation, which does nothing)
			 the third one deform the hole picture
			 -->
		<bean id="wordtoimage" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.wordtoimage.ComposedWordToImage" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><ref bean="fontGenRandom"/></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><ref bean="backGenUni"/></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><ref bean="simpleColoredPaster"/></constructor-arg>
<!--			<constructor-arg index="3"><ref bean="none"/></constructor-arg>-->
<!--			<constructor-arg index="4"><ref bean="none"/></constructor-arg>-->
<!--			<constructor-arg index="5"><ref bean="ripple3Def"/></constructor-arg>-->
		</bean>

 <!-- ************ BACKGROUND declaration  ************-->

		<!-- Constructs a background generator,
			this one is the default Unicolor, white is background color -->
		<bean id="backGenUni" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.backgroundgenerator.UniColorBackgroundGenerator" >
						<constructor-arg index="0"><value>300</value></constructor-arg>
						<constructor-arg index="1"><value>100</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

<!-- ************ FONT  declaration  ************-->

		<bean id="fontArial" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Arial</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="fontTahoma" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Tahoma</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="fontVerdana" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Verdana</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="fontComic" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Comic sans MS</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<bean id="fontLucida" class="java.awt.Font" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>Lucida console</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1"><value>0</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2"><value>10</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>
<!-- ************ FONT GENERATOR declaration  ************-->

		<!-- Constructs Font generator, with the min and max size of font,
			and with a list of fonts-->
		<bean id="fontGenRandom" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.fontgenerator.RandomFontGenerator" >
						<constructor-arg index="0"><value>40</value></constructor-arg>
 						<constructor-arg index="1"><value>50</value></constructor-arg>
						<constructor-arg index="2">
								<list>
									<ref bean="fontArial"/>
									<ref bean="fontTahoma"/>
									<ref bean="fontVerdana"/>
									<ref bean="fontComic"/>
									<ref bean="fontLucida"/>
								</list>
						</constructor-arg>
		</bean>

<!-- ************ PASTER declaration  ************-->

		<!-- Constructs the paster component, a baffle one, which make holes in characters
			Parameters :
			int for the min length of the word
			int for the max length of the word
			ColorGenerator for the color of the word
			boolean to know if each character can have a different color
			-->
		<bean id="simpleColoredPaster" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.textpaster.RandomTextPaster" >
						<constructor-arg type="java.lang.Integer" index="0"><value>4</value></constructor-arg>
						<constructor-arg type="java.lang.Integer" index="1"><value>6</value></constructor-arg>
						<constructor-arg type="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.ColorGenerator" index="2"><ref bean="colorGenRandomDark"/></constructor-arg>
						<constructor-arg index="3"><value>true</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>


<!-- ************ DIC and WORD GENERATOR declaration  ************-->

		<!-- Constructs a File diconnary, which will read words from a file, corresponding to Locle (for instance with locale France,
			 it will look for the file : toddlist_fr_FR.properties, if not found, take toddlist.properties -->
		<bean id="filedict" class="com.octo.captcha.component.wordgenerator.FileDictionnary" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><value>toddlist</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

	<!--	<bean id="wordgen" class="com.octo.captcha.component.wordgenerator.DictionaryWordGenerator" >
			<constructor-arg><ref bean="filedict"/></constructor-arg>
		</bean>-->

		<!-- Constructs a word generator, which composed words from existing words
			It takes a diconnary for the existing words-->
		<bean id="wordgen" class="com.octo.captcha.component.wordgenerator.ComposeDictionaryWordGenerator" >
			<constructor-arg><ref bean="filedict"/></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

<!-- ************ FILTER  declaration  ************-->

		<!-- Constructs the "null" deformation component-->
		<bean id="none" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.deformation.ImageDeformationByFilters" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<null/>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>

<!-- ************ COLORS Declarations ************-->

		<!-- Constructs a java Color-->
		<bean id="white" class="java.awt.Color" >
			<constructor-arg type="int" index="0"><value>255</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg type="int" index="1"><value>255</value></constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg type="int" index="2"><value>255</value></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<!-- Constructs a color generator which generate one color -->
		<bean id="colorGenWhite" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.SingleColorGenerator" >
			<constructor-arg index="0"><ref bean="white"/></constructor-arg>
		</bean>

		<!-- Constructs a color generator which generate dark color correspond to the different ranges-->
		<bean id="colorGenRandomDark" class="com.octo.captcha.component.image.color.RandomRangeColorGenerator" >
			<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
	                <value>0</value>
	                <value>150</value>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="1">
				<list>
	                <value>0</value>
	                <value>150</value>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="2">
				<list>
	                <value>0</value>
	                <value>150</value>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
			<constructor-arg index="3">
				<list>
	                <value>255</value>
	                <value>255</value>
            	</list>
            </constructor-arg>
		</bean>




</beans>

ImageCaptchaService.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN//EN" "http://www.springframework.org/dtd/spring-beans.dtd">
<beans>


<!-- Constructs a captcha engine, with custom factories-->
	<bean
		class="com.octo.captcha.engine.GenericCaptchaEngine" id="imageEngine">
		<constructor-arg index="0">
				<list>
					<ref bean="imageCaptchaFactory"/>
				</list>
		</constructor-arg>
	</bean>

	<bean id="imageCaptchaService"
		class="com.octo.captcha.service.multitype.GenericManageableCaptchaService">
		<constructor-arg index="0">
			<ref bean="imageEngine"/>
		</constructor-arg>
        <constructor-arg index="1"><value>300</value></constructor-arg>
        <constructor-arg index="2"><value>200000</value></constructor-arg>
	</bean>
</beans>
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2 Comments

  1. How do you configure Captcha if you do not use spring? I gave a web application with struts, but no spring... how can I finetune the Captcha settings?

  2. I am using struts2,i have integrated basic captcha in my application.It is generating only alphabets in the captcha image.I would like to generate alphanumeric words in the image.How could i do it?

    Thanks,
    ravindra.